Sat. Jun 22nd, 2024

  BTO Renovation: 7 Crucial Elements of Interior Design for Beginners

Most have experienced the difficulties of interior design. There will always be roadblocks to your vision, whether starting from scratch in a new home or just trying something different with the furniture you already have. Additionally, interior design may seem daunting, but it is not all that complicated. And when interior design reduces to its fundamental elements, the process of your HDB resale renovation becomes easy.

If you can evaluate the quality of the interior design of any space based on how each element is used—both individually and concerning the other attributes in the room—you will be able to form a far more informed opinion. This article examines the crucial elements and their roles in interior design.

1.   Space

An essential aspect of interior design is a functional space. Functional space serves as the foundation of all interior design. Consequently, both the user and the designer must be aware of the space available and the function of each. A functional one would contain both positive and negative space. A space containing furniture or fixtures is a positive space, while space would be considered a negative one. Both are determined by user needs, as different users require different amounts of space for various purposes. Lastly, both spaces must be well-balanced, as you do not want a BTO renovation to be either overcrowded or empty.

2.   Shape

Design is a three-dimensional discipline, so the shape will always influence it because it adds significance and interest. Although shape has a nearly small impact on your lives, it is why modern interior design in Singapore is so successful. As form affects tactility, visual texture, and flow, shadow and light play a role.

Shapes are tactile, beautiful, and functional; for instance, pantries are typically rectangular to maximise storage space. The selection of one can also result in impracticalities. As equipment attempts to fit squares into curves, a circular bar, for example, presents difficulties. People devote countless hours to determining room proportions, bow designs, profile designs, window shapes, and funnel shapes, all of which contribute to achieving universal harmony.

3.   Texture

The definition of the element texture is a surface’s feel, appearance, or consistency. It can refer to rough or smooth finishes, surfaces that are glossy or dull, and soft or coarse textiles. If you have ever decorated a space, you recognise the significance of texture for it to become the best interior design in Singapore. Fabrics, furniture, and decorative accents contribute to a space’s textural diversity.

Additionally, texture accentuates a room’s existing characteristics or adds depth to a space. In a small, dim room, furniture with glossy, smooth finishes can impart a reflective quality and create the illusion of natural light. In contrast, rough textures can help balance an excess of natural light in a large, bright room.

4.   Light

Light is among the most crucial aspects of interior design. Without light, whether artificial or natural, no elements are identifiable. In addition to establishing the mood and ambience of a space, light accentuates some of the other design elements before proper planning. This element includes both natural and artificial light sources. Light is closely associated with texture and colour; without a light source, colours cannot exist.

Light contributes to the ambience of a room. Typically, dim lighting imparts a cosy, romantic atmosphere. In contrast, rooms flooded with natural light tend to feel airy and cheerful. For the best interior design in Singapore, natural lighting is superior to artificial lighting because it is free and eco-friendly while serving the same purpose. If the owner or designer can incorporate natural lighting sources into the design of the building, it would be the most efficient use of natural resources.

5.   Furniture and objects

Furniture is a functional element of home interior design in Singapore, an essential one for bringing a room and its atmosphere together. Furniture is a great way to express one’s creativity or personality, as it directs movement through a room along specific routes. In addition, placing furniture around a focal point, such as a fireplace, can be a way to highlight a feature, and rearranging furniture can be a quick and easy way to alter the ambience of a room.

Objects are the most personal aspect of the overall design and convey a narrative. While the objects used in a room should have a personal touch, they should also be cohesive with the design and flow with the space.

6.   Colour

Many consider colour and light to be two of the most important aspects of interior design. It can create visually appealing combinations and also has psychological effects. You may have heard that red stimulates appetite. For this reason, it is popular in dining rooms.

Colours can transform a home interior design in Singapore. A simple colour makeover can transform a dim, depressing space into one that is bright and cheery. Colour can also evoke specific emotions and aesthetics. Using calm and neutral colours can convey tranquillity and peace. Moreover, opulent jewel tones make a drab space feel majestic and luxurious. And you can add warmth to a sterile, white room by incorporating reds, oranges, and yellows.


7.   Line

In interior design, ‘line’ refers to the ‘lines’ created by a room’s furnishings and architecture. Lines shape a space—the line creates harmony, contrast, and cohesion. It indicates motion and directs the eye. Moreover, the line refers to both straight and curved surface boundaries. The dynamic nature of diagonal lines adds drama and life to stairwells and contemporary fabric patterns. There are curved lines in furniture, windows, and arched doors. In modern interior design in Singapore, feminine curves frequently unite and soften horizontal, vertical, and diagonal lines.


In addition to enhancing the aesthetic appeal of a space, bringing these elements into harmony will increase its functionality. As you begin your project, an interior designer will evaluate your living area based on the design components and then use them to conceal or accentuate the space’s various features and flaws. The following seven elements must always contribute when designing an interior space.

To have aesthetically pleasing designs for your BTO renovation, contact ProjectGuru today for their services!

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